07 Feb Synthetic yarns
How are synthetic yarns made?
Synthetic yarns are made from synthetic fibers.
What is synthetic fiber?
With the development and evolution of chemistry and human access to synthetic compounds and materials, scientists started thinking to produce synthetic fibers that would be used for knitting and yarn manufacturing. After tremendous efforts, they were able to make synthetic fibers and got new yarns from the combination of synthetic and some natural fibers.
Where do synthetic fibers come from?
Synthetic fibers are various in type and each one is produced using certain chemical components.
How many synthetic types of yarns do exist?
The most important types of synthetic yarns are:
1 – Rayon
2 – Nylon
How does rayon yarn produce?
Rayon fiber is one of the synthetic fiber types, which is called synthetic silk due to its similarity to silk fiber.
To make synthetic silk fibers, a material called cellulose is used which is present in most trees. Craftsmen tighten cellulose material in sheets, then crush them, and mix small cellulose pieces with other chemicals, such as acetone.
The composition of these materials, which are liquid, passes through a spinnerette tube. The fluid is expelled from the crater through a thin, continuous strands. Acetone evaporates and reminder is a solid continuous fiber. These fibers are called synthetic silk fibers or Rayon.
This fiber is winded up to some other natural fibers and turned into synthetic silk yarn which is ready to be used in knitting.
How is nylon yarn made?
Nylon fibers are also synthetic.
The method of making nylon fibers is similar to that of synthetic silk manufacturing. The only difference is that inorganic and oil-derived materials are used instead of cellulose.